- Posted by camryn_admin
- On September 10, 2021
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The 1958 Haberler Report stressed the importance of minimising the impact of agricultural subsidies on competitiveness and recommended replacing price support with additional non-production direct payments and anticipated the debate on green box subsidies. But it is only recently that this change has become at the heart of the reform of the global agricultural system.  Before the Uruguay Round negotiations, it became increasingly clear that the causes of disorder in world agriculture went beyond the problems of access to imports, traditionally at the centre of the GATT negotiations. To get to the bottom of the issues, disciplinary measures were deemed essential for all measures relating to agricultural trade, including domestic agricultural policy and agricultural export subsidies. However, in the event of a conflict between these agreements and the Convention on Agriculture, priority shall be given to the provisions of the Agreement on Agriculture. Wto agreements on trade in services and trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights also apply to agriculture. As regards the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), signed in Geneva in 1947, and the Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO), signed in Marrakesh in 1994 (OJ L 347, 27.7.1997, p. 1). The European Union and its Member States shall act in accordance with Article 207 (common commercial policy) and Articles 217 and 218 (international agreements) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (5.2.2). Export subsidies are the third pillar. The 1995 agricultural agreement required industrialized countries to provide export subsidies of at least 36% (in value) and 36% over six years. reduce by 21% (volumes).
For developing countries, the agreement required reductions of 24 per cent (in value) and 14 per cent (in volume) over ten years. Considering that the Uruguay Round of agricultural negotiations were not easy, given that the scale of the negotiations and their political sensitivity necessarily put in doubt a lot of time to reach agreement on the new rules and that it took a lot of technical work to put in place solid means to formalize commitments in policy areas that go beyond the previous practice of gatt. .