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- On December 4, 2020
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Editor`s Note: The content of this report was written prior to the COVID 19 pandemic and the report does not reflect the effects of COVID on the negotiating examples cited in the report. One of the best-known examples of national multi-employer negotiations that set standards for an entire industry is the Teamsters Master Freight Agreement, negotiated by Jimmy Hoffa in the 1960s.20 When it was first adopted, the Master Freight Agreement included more than 450,000 drivers, had literally hundreds of signatories and set standards for the entire truck industry. However, the agreement has been undermined by deregulation and consolidation of the sector. Nevertheless, the Teamsters are still able to conclude national agreements that raise standards for tens of thousands of freight industry workers. The Master Freight Agreement includes YRC Freight, Holland and New Penn, which together employ approximately 24,000 truck drivers, dockworkers and office workers at more than 200 sites in the United States. In addition, the Teamsters have national agreements with ABF Freight, which covers more than 8,000 employees at more than 150 sites, and UPS Freight, which covers 12,000 freight drivers and dockworkers. Teamsters also represent nearly 300,000 package, air and access driver ups, as well as loaders, sorters and managers at 400 UPS sites – making the contract for these workers the largest collective agreement for the private sector in the United States. In transport logistics, Teamsters have national agreements with DHL, which cover nearly 5,000 workers at more than 50 sites.21 Governments are responsible for protecting the right to collective bargaining: “If necessary, measures adapted to national conditions should be taken to promote and promote the full development and use of voluntary bargaining machines between employers or employers` organisations and workers` organisations. , with regard to the regulation of terms of employment through collective agreements.  When workers try to create a union, they ask the NNRB to hold a replacement election for a group of workers – the bargaining unit. 13 The NLRB then verifies whether the proposed bargaining unit is “appropriate.” This analysis focuses on whether workers share a “community of interest” in the proposed rate unit, i.e. whether they share common interests and experiences in the workplace, so that it is reasonable for them to negotiate with the employer their wages, hours and working conditions.14 Answer: Collective bargaining is a voluntary process and must be conducted freely and in good faith. It can cover all working and employment conditions and regulate relations between employers and workers, as well as between employers` and workers` organisations. It is up to the social partners to decide what will be dealt with in their negotiations.
Among the themes of collective bargaining defined by the ILO`s Committee for Freedom of Association are: wages, benefits and allowances, working time, annual leave, selection criteria in the event of dismissal, coverage of collective agreements and the granting of trade union institutions.